Manuscript archive consisting of 119 manuscript letters, memoranda, minutes, letter copy book, totaling approximately 526 pages, plus manuscript map, and other materials.
present archive of correspondence, papers, journals and other materials relate
to the work of Miles Rock (1840-1901), as Chief of the Guatemala Boundary
Commission, to resolve the dispute between Guatemala and Mexico regarding the
boundary of the two countries, conflict in the disputed territories of Chiapas
and Soconuso almost resulted in an armed conflict between the two countries. The
two countries decided to have the dispute arbitrated by the United States. Rock
was instrumental in Guatemala’s retention of the department of Petén, today the
country’s largest department, Rocks efforts are comprehensively documented in a
series of manuscript memoranda and minutes contained in the present archive.
Mexico formerly the
Viceroyalty of New Spain, declared itself independent from Spain on September
16, 1810. The Captaincy General of Guatemala, which consisted of the provinces
of Guatemala, Chiapas, Cost Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua,
declared its independence from Spain on September 15, 1821. Shortly thereafter,
Chiapas declared its aggregation to Mexico, but Guatemala refused to accept the
incorporation of Chiapas into Mexico until 1882. Guatemala, along with Costa
Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua, was annexed briefly by Mexico, from
1822-23, and between 1824 and 1838 the five states were members of the
Federation of Central America.
On December 7, 1877, a convention
was signed by Guatemala and Mexico providing for a commission… more >