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Hardy, Daniel
Autograph Letter Signed, Stockton, California, December 25, 1853, to his friend William

Quarto, 4 pages, formerly folded, (no mailing envelope), written in ink in a clear, legible hand.

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Hardy, who had apparently been in California since 1850, writes his friend William, back east about his life and current prospects in California:


“Friend William,

      … you wrote that you had been to New York to the Worlds fair I have heard a good deal about that place within a few months past. You wrote of the many curiositys that you saw there, but you did not say wether you saw anything from California or not., a good many things have been sent there from heare. I suppose that they had not all got there then for many of them were sent round Cape Horn. I believe that the bark of a pine tree was sent there from heare the tree was said to be thirty feet thrue, but I don’t know how true that is, but the tree has been cut down abd they were trying to see how many feet of lumber thay could get out of it. The way they cut the tree down was with a auger which was maid long enuf to reach half way thru and so they bored hols around it enuf to fall it. There has also been some very large squashes sent from heare some of them waid over two hundred lbs. I have one seed that come out of a squash that waid 150 lbs the man who raised it raised from one vine 1050 lbs. I think that California will beet the world in raising all kinds of vegetables it is not only squashes that gro large here but nearly every thing else that I ever saw fro at home growes heare and growes much larger than I ever saw it in any other place. I have seen water melons heare that waid 50 lbs thay were abot two feet long and about one foot in diameter. I have seen cabbage heads as large round as a half bushel…

      I suppose that the fair in New York is closed before now but then I understand that the building is to stand there for two or three years so perhaps I shall have a chance to see it yet. I have seen a number who have been there and thay say that it is a very splendid building one of a very curos constructure. But I suppose that you would like to know what I am a doing. When I wrote to you last I was to work out for 75 dollars a month, but I did not work but about 5 weeks there and since that time I have been to work for my self on my place and am still heare now. I am now engaged in putting in my grain we have not had a grate deal of rain this fall not quite as much as we would like but we have to put up with what we have last yeare at this time we had a good deal more than what we wanted the land was then all covered with water, but it now looks as tho we was a goin to have a very dry winter, it looks and acts very much as it did in the winter of 50 and that was one of the driest winters that had been known for many years… It has now got to be quite thick settled heare, many of the emigrants that come in this fall stopped heare in this vicinity and I can count no less than 20 houses without goin off my place. The land is now all taken up around heare and ranches is getting to be worth something heare, one of my neighbors heare sold out his ranch for two thousand dollars. If it is a good year for grain there will be a large lot of it raised here for all the farmers are putting in all they can ther will be about 2500 Acres that I know of if the farmers get in what they calculate to now about 1000 acres of it is to be wheat and the rest to be barley, so I think that grain will be very cheap next year. I am now living aloan and am rather lonesome but I am not far from neighbors. There has quite a lot of young girls come into this neighborhood this fall and so there will soon be a chance for us all to get us a wife out heare but then I think I shall come home after mine… I have had my Daguerrotype taken and have sent it home to Charles it went in the last mail …”