Fox, Josiah
Autograph Letter Signed, “Concord near Wheeling” September 1818, to his brother, John Fox, at Margaret Fox’s Frankfort Place, Plymouth, England

folio, 4 pages, some minor wear and toning to paper, some light damp-staining, else in very good legible condition.

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Fox, an English Quaker immigrant to America, writes his brother describing life and conditions west of the Allegheny Mountains:


“My Dear Brother

In acknowledging the receipt of they letter of the 8th of June I tender thee my thanks for the intelligence of the changes which have taken place in the revolution of time amongst my relations & acquaintance on your side the Atlantic. Thy letter was handed me by a Friend just arrived in this Country from Sommersetshire, but latterly a resident of Bristol; on noticing the decease of our affectionate connection Emma Bury, he told me that she was buried within a few yards of his house & that he had attended her funeral; he has since gone down the river to settle on Morris Burbeck’s Purchase. I have lately heard that two Families from Cornwall of the name of Truscott passed also down the river for the same destination. In England you can have no idea of the great immigration west of the Allegheny Mountains. I expect the next 30 years, this country will equal in population France or Germany, a vast popular government is now forming, and I expect ere long will become separated from the Atlantic States, their interests from the great extent of the country must clash, and of course New Orleans from its situation will become a city of vast importance; but from its being situated in a flat Southern climate will prove the burial place for thousands of those who trade there. The Ohio river, as likewise the Mississippi & its numerous large tributary streams, are becoming a vast scene of commercial importance, about 20 steam boats are already employed on their waters & as many more are now building, some of which will measure about 500 tons & cost when completed upwards of 50,000 dollars, a single Freight from Orleans will amount to 25,000, provided they carry only 250 tons of goods at 100 drs a ton, which is 20 pr cent lower than is now paid from Philada and which voyage can be accomplished in 30 days. Passengers will pay expenses & the return freight will be considerable - …”