Marshall, Jacqueline
Manuscript Diary of 15-16-year-old high school student, Jacqueline Marshall, of Birmingham, Alabama, daughter of business executive and University of Pennsylvania Wharton School Graduate, Richard Mather Marshall, formerly of Langhorne, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, 1936-1937

12mo, 366 manuscripts pp., bound in embossed pictorial leather backed boards, worn at tips of spine and corners/edges; binding clasp missing; a five-year diary five day’s entries per page format; however the diary only records entries for the full year of 1936 (1 Jan. to 31 Dec) and partial year of 1937 (1 Jan. to 7 July); written in ink, in legible hand; each entry usually about two or three sentences; front inside board is inscribed “December 25, 1925” and “Jacqueline Marshall/61 Dell Road/Birmingham, Alabama.” The diary was kept by Marshall when she was attending John Herbert Phillips High School in Birmingham, Alabama. She graduated in 1939.

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Jacqueline Marshall (1921-aft 1990)

Jacqueline “Jac” Marshall was born 25 April 1921, at Dunbar, Pennsylvania. She was the daughter of Richard Mather Marshall (1891-1970) and Elizabeth Clayton Taylor. Jacqueline’s father was born on 13 November 1890 in Langhorne, Pennsylvania, the son of Alfred and Florence Virginia (Mather) Marshall. He was a student of the University of Pennsylvania, 1910-1914 and graduated from the Wharton Business School in 1914. While at the University of Pennsylvania, he was a halfback on the football team in 1911, 1912 and 1913 and for a short time was credited with holding the world's 100‐yard dash record. Marshall served as First Lieutenant during World War One with the United States Army Tank Corps in 1918 under future President Dwight D. Eisenhower, then a major. They became lifelong friends.

After WWI, Jacqueline’s father became the general manager of the American Manganese Manufacturing Company, at Dunbar, Pennsylvania, from 1921-1932. Later he was chairman of Kerchner, Marshall and Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from 1923 and vice-president and general manager of Sloss-Sheffield Steel and Iron Company, Birmingham, Alabama, 1932-1934. He became vice-president and secretary of Woodward (Alabama) Iron Company, 1934-1941, which are the years in which Jacqueline wrote her diary (1936-1937). He eventually became the executive vice president of Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) Coke and Chemical Company, 1941-1947, and president, 1947-1955, and Chairman of the Board, 1955-1961. He was also advisory director of Pittsburgh National Bank, a director of Pittsburgh Steel Company, of Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Company, vice president of Allegheny Council of Boy Scouts of America, and American Executive vice president, director Ohio Valley Hospital, and a trustee University of Pennsylvania.

Jacqueline’s parents were married at St. James Episcopal Church, in Langhorne, Bucks Co., Pennsylvania, on 1 September 1915. Jacqueline’s father had previously been a Quaker (Society of Friends) but married out of meeting and appears to have became an Episcopalian.

The 1940 Census shows that her father was vice-president the Woodward Iron Company, Birmingham, Alabama. Jac had at least three brothers, two older – Richard “Dick” Marshall Jr. (b.1918) and John Ashby “App” Marshall (b.1920) who were both Air Force majors killed in combat in World War Two; Dick Marshall was killed over the New Guinea jungle and App Marshall was killed over Europe. A third brother, younger than Jacqueline, Clarence “Tad” Marshall (b.1926), also served in World War Two and was shot down over Okinawa but survived. The family kept in its employ (in 1940 Alabama) two “negro” domestics, a cook and a butler. Jac and her siblings, along with her father, were all born in Pennsylvania, their mother, and, wife in New Jersey.

The family is found in the 1930 Census living in Dunbar, Fayette Co., Pennsylvania, Jac’s father is listed as a superintendent at a saw mill. Jac’s youngest sibling, Clarence, was born about 1926 in Pennsylvania, thus the family must have moved to Alabama sometime between the 1930 Census and the beginning of Jac’s diary in 1936.

In Birmingham, the family became members of the Cathedral Church of the Advent and Jacqueline was baptized and confirmed at the church. She graduated from John Herbert Phillips High School in Birmingham in 1939, where she was active in the Pierian Club, Art Club, Biology Club, History Club, and the Publicity Committee for the senior play. She was still single and living at 61 Dell Road in 1941.

Jacqueline married William Wigg Hazzard Jr. (1916-1977) in Washington, D.C., on 10 August 1944. Later, the couple moved to Sewickley, Pennsylvania. They were living there at the time of Jacqueline’s father’s death in 1970. The couple had three daughters.

Note: Biographical details of Richard Mather Marshall gathered from his obituary in the New York Times, 1 Apr 1970 and a story in the Pittsburgh Press issue of Sunday 8 Jan 1961 titled “The Indomitable Marshalls” by William Gill.

      Description and Sample quotes from Diary:

As might be expected of a diary written by a high school student, many entries contain information about her activities at school, participation in clubs, studying for exams, and their results, and hanging out with friends, socializing, going to the movies, to the theater, for walks, etc. She also recounts events of her home and domestic life, her father going away for business, going out with her parents, brothers, to see movies, and other events. There are updates on her family’s health, movements, events, etc.

 “January 1, 1936

New Year’s Day. Went to Bouron’s luncheon. Am not going to P.A.D. dance! Went up to Dunn’s this afternoon. Made New Year’ resolution!”

 

“January 2, 1936

Rained today. Went to see ‘Collegiate’ with Mother & Tad. Jeanne’s open house tonight. Dr. Bray’s this afternoon.”

 

“January 5, 1936

Sunday School this morning. Mother in bed. Today drove car around docks with App. Dick got to college. School tomorrow.”

 

“January 6, 1936

School today. Mother still in bed. Ran car into stone wall in drive. Didn’t hurt car, chunks out of stone. Went skating & walking.”

 

 

“January 7, 1936

Stayed in for Math & Latin today. Mother went to Beezies. Saw him in Fine Points. Rained most all days. Almost late for school. Had to dash for it.”

 

“January 12, 1936

Cut hole in dress I’m making. Sick over it. Mother rested some today. App, Dad, and I went for a drive. Study for Math test.”

 

January 13, 1936

Latin test 93 ½, Math Test 88, Science 80, English 80. Went to see ‘Littlest Rebel’ with Tad. Mother & Dad out for dinner…study for Latin test.”

 

“January 24, 1936

Made out schedule at school. Visit Mt. Brook School with App & Sterling. App at [Redsters] Club with Edwards. Daddy went to Chicago. Mother, Tad, and I went to see ‘Anything Goes.’”