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Raymenton, Hewstone Knight
Manuscript European Travel Journals of Hewstone Knight Raymenton, of Worcester, Massachusetts, 1908-1909

Quarto, two volumes, 170, and 130 pp., dated 12 October 1908 - 4 December 1908 and 20 March 1909 - 2 May 1909; One of the volumes has a paper label with the number "1" on spine, the other volume has a paper label with the number "4" on spine; both volumes are bound in limp leather, chipped on spines, entries written in ink, on lined paper, in a legible hand, each volume has small 1 inch by 1 inch paper illustrations, or views tipped in throughout the volumes, 40 images in volume 1 and 32 images in volume 4.

Hewstone Knight Raymenton (1891-1972)

Hewstone Knight Raymenton was born at Worcester, Massachusetts on 13 April 1891, the son of Wm. H. Raymenton and Harriet C. Knight. He attended Yale University. He is later seen working as purchasing agent for Groton & Knight Mfg Co., oak leather tanners, of Worcester. On his WWI draft registration card of 1917, he stated he was a clerk for the same company, apparently working his way up to purchasing agent. He was already married in 1917. In 1921 he joined the Freemasons in Worcester, and at that time he was listed as a "manager."

In 1933 Raymenton is listed in the San Diego city directories. In 1942, he was employed by the State of California. He was still listed in 1967 as living in San Diego, apparently living out his life in California.

Raymenton married Hazel Forcythe Jennings. She was born in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania, on 12 December 1889. She was the daughter of Charles E. Jennings (1865-1928) and Louise Forsyth (1868-1947). Hazel's father was a veteran of the Spanish American War, his father a wounded veteran of the American Civil War. Hazel's father was a postal agent at Wellsboro in 1900. He and his wife were both native Pennsylvanians. Her family moved to Quincy, Massachusetts by the time the 1910 Census was taken, where Charles Jennings shows up as a postal inspector. Hazel had a brother George, who was a WWI veteran. He died young, at 31, in 1926.

Raymenton was an important collector in area of Native American textiles of the Southwest United States. Hewstone K. Raymenton was an avid supporter of the San Diego Museum of Man and an active Board member during the 1940s and 1950s. He was President of the Board in 1940-41 and 1950-53 and wrote a history of the Museum, entitled "Forty-Seven Years." He contributed many objects and photographs to the collections, including the famous “Railroad Rug” described in George Wharton James’s book "Indian Blankets and Their Makers" (1914).There are 25,000 uncatalogued photographs in the H.K. Raymenton Collection. Raymenton became a local historian of San Diego and his contributions to the Museum's collections included 50 photo albums that contain more than 3,000 prints and negatives from his work as a globe-traveling journalist in the early 1900s. Raymenton was also noted to be a world traveler and writer, and regularly gave talks and lectures about them. He published regular local history articles in the Journal of San Diego History. Hewstone Knight Raymenton died in San Diego on 17 January 1972.

Description of Journals:

These journals were written while Raymenton was traveling Europe in conjunction with the Sargent School. At the beginning of Volume 1 he writes:

"The Departure. Friday, October ninth, I left Worcester for an eight months tour through Europe with the Sargent School..."

The Sargent School was likely Porter E. Sargent's Travel School for Boys, located at Cambridge, Massachusetts. Sargent advertised in the May 1907 issue in Scribner's Magazine Educational Directory (Vol. XLI, No. 5) the following:  "Mr. Sargent's Travel School for Boys. European and World Tours, in alternate years. Now in Europe, 4th year, Round the World starting Oct. 1st. Efficient preparation for college examinations. European Summer School sailing July 1st. Porter E. Sargent, Box 24, Cambridge, Mass."

It was with this school that Raymenton made his grand tour. Both volumes have numbered pages. Volume 1 of Raymenton's journal includes a "Table of Contents" page and from this we see the entire volume deals with his trip to England. From the table of contents in Volume 1 we see he writes about his eight day trip from Boston to Liverpool, and then describes his adventures in England, visiting the following places:

Liverpool, Chester, Warwick & Kenilworth, Stratford-Upon-Avon, Oxford University, Oxford & Windsor, Windsor & Eaton, The Tower of London, Franco-British Exposition, British Museum, The Wallace Collection, Franco-British Exposition, Faust, A Sunday Concert, National Portrait Gallery, Hyde Park and Kensington, Wallace Collection, Yasayi and Patti; South Kensington Museum, The Tower of London, The House of Parliament, Sunday, The Lord Mayor's Show, The National Gallery, The British Museum, The Temple Inns, Westminster Abbey, The Hippodrome, Stoke Pages, South Kensington Museum, Hampton Court Palace, The National Gallery, The British Museum, The Tate Gallery, The Tate Gallery, Westminster Abbey, The Zoo, Westminster Abbey, The City, Thanksgiving, Natural History Museum, Henry V, The Surrey Side, The Ristovi Matinee, Winchester, Salisbury, Stonehenge, Last Day in England.

Volume 4 is laid out much the same and although there is no table of contents, there are headings to the various entries. We find that Raymenton is now touring Italy, Austria, and Germany. His various entries describe the following places:

Tivoli, The Palazzo Corsini, The Sistine and Raphael's Stanza, Naples and the National Museum, Pompeii and Vesuvius, Naples to Terni, Terni to Spoleto, Spoleto, Spoleto to Ancona, Ancona to Rimini, Rimini to Ravenna, Ravenna, Ravenna to Bolonga, Bolonga to Venice, San Marcos and the Doge's Palace, The Academy, The Frari and Murano, The Last Day in Venice, Venice to Verona, The Last Day in Italy, Gardone to Riva, Riva to Innsbruck, Easter, In Town, Snow, A Quiet Day, Schloss Amlvas, A Walk in the Mountains, Lanser Kopse, The Stubai Valley, Innsbruck to Munich, The Alte Pinakothek, Bavarian National Museum, The Schack Gallery, The National Museum, The Neue Pinakothek, Sunday, The Glypotheck, Munich to Nuremberg, Nuremberg to Rothenburg, Rothenburg to Heidelberg, Heidleberg to Mainz, The Rhine, Cologne.

The entries are well written and informative and occasionally are highlighted with small illustrations that appear to have been cut out from travel brochures, or magazines. Altogether there are 72 images over the two volumes, 40 images in Volume 1 and 32 images in Volume 4. The images are mainly architectural in nature, and depict the sites he is visiting.

Examples from Journals:

"Monday Oct 12th 1908 The Departure

Friday, October ninth, I left Worcester for an eight months tour through Europe with the Sargent School. Leaving home in the late morning I arrived in Boston and after engaging a room at the Victoria went to Mrs. Putnam's on Huntington Avenue where I met my father and Mrs. Raymenton.

We had luncheon there and later in the afternoon visited Mr. Sargent at his home. I was however obliged to leave there before meeting any of my future companions on account of an engagement at six in the South Station with Hazel. I met her there and we went to the Japanese Tea Gardens for dinner after which we walked up Boylston Street to the Library and then back to the Station again.
After seeing her off for Quincy, I returned to the Victoria for my last nights sleep in America for eight months.

On Monday school began in earnest. In the morning we had early exercise on the upper deck followed by a cold bath. At nine-thirty we began the lessons and worked until noon. The afternoon was spent in study and the evening in reading.”

“Tuesday, Oct 13th Sailing from Boston

Saturday morning I arose at six-thirty in order to be at Mrs. Putnam's at seven. After leaving the hotel I dashed madly up Huntington Avenue to keep my appointment punctually and when I arrived at the house, rang the bell and waited. And then I waited. In fact I waited until half past seven before the household bestirred itself enough to admit me.

After breakfasting at Mrs. Putnam's, my father, Mrs. Raymenton and I set out for the White Star Wharf and upon arriving there met most of my future companions and also a number of the parents. After getting my baggage settled we made a tour of the ship; at the end of which we said our adieus and parted.

The first day out was very quietly spent, most of the time in making the acquaintance of the other fellows.
Tuesday was rather rough but most of that day was spent in school sessions or in study.”

“Oct 14th Wednesday [1908] "The Cymric"

Wednesday began with the usual early morning exercise and cold bath followed by breakfast. The school program was followed during the rest of the day.
In the afternoon we all visited the Marconi Wireless office and listened to a short dissertation on the workings of the telegraph instrument by the operator. While he was talking a Leyden jar, which assisted in sending the messages, became dislodged by the rolling of the vessel and fell with a crash upon the table cracking it (the jar) badly and rendering further demonstration impossible.

Later we arranged a makeshift clinometer from a string, a knife, and a graduate arc and found that the roll of the ship described an arc of thirty-six degrees or a departure from the perpendicular of from eighteen to twenty degrees.

As regards the good ship Cymric. She is a craft of 585 feet overall and has a tonnage of 1396 tons gross. We are carrying a crew of 219 men besides 244 passengers of which number 37 are first class and the others are in the steerage. There is no second class. Our cargo consists of 752 head of cattle, a thousand barrels of apples and a large quantity of grain not to mention 30 or 40 bags of mail."

"Friday, October 16th 1908 The Seventh Day

In the morning we went through our regular drill on the deck followed by the bath.
After breakfast we assembled in the saloon for the usual school session.

The school session begins with a talk on topical subjects by Mr. Sargent. Then topics are given out for the next day and we read up0 on those subjects and report the result of our researches the following morning. After that comes the regular college preparatory work.

In the afternoon we continued our program and later indulged in a game of shuffleboard on the upper deck. The evening was spent in study."

"Oct 18th 1908 Land at Last

Sunday morning we sighted land for the first time in eight days. It was the coast of Ireland and about nine thirty we arrived at the mouth of Queenstown harbor where a tender met us and carried ashore seventy-three passengers. The shore was visible for the rest of the day.

As it was Sunday we had no lessons, so the time was spent in visiting the cattle, the steerage, and other parts of the ship.

It I have omitted until now giving the names of the party it was because I have been waiting for a day about which there was little to write.

To begin with my roommate is a fellow named Tom Leverington from Saratoga, New York. In the next room are two fellows, Albion Bindley of Pittsburgh and Arthur O'Neil from some obscure town in Idaho.

The person who furnishes the merriment for the party is a fellow by the name of Ben Cole who lives in Wenham, Mass and who rooms with Arthur Walker of Brookline. Another member of the party is Fred Curran, but as he has been confined so far to his state room with a complication of mal-de-mes and nostalgia, I have not as yet learned his residence.

Besides the fellows there is Mr. and Mrs. Sargent and Mr. Wisewell of Phelps, NY, the assistant."

"Tuesday, March 23rd [1909] Naples and the National Museum

Of all the slums which I have ever visited the slums of Naples are the most interesting. Here the most common conventionalities observed by the most unconventional people are utterly disregarded and everyone is free from modesty, real or affected. The principal thing to be seen is dirt in every form.  Everything is thrown into the street which becomes the receptacle of all waste. And the food which is cooked on the street and in the little shops (for these Italians, seldom do their own cooking) is fearful and wonderful. Devil-fish, spaghetti, cheap panforte, and horrible messes which are actually nauseating to look at seem to be quite popular. And it is people from these quarters which immigrate to America and it is here that our typical "dago" is seen in his element..."

“Sunday, April 11th [1909] Easter

As this was Easter Sunday O’Neil and I went to the Cathedral to hear the service, but unfortunately arrived there too late to hear anything but the last part of High Mass.

In the afternoon Bindley and I climbed to the snow line on one of the mountains where we spent the rest of the day under the pine trees. It being Sunday the peasants were in their picturesque dress which is peculiar to the Tyrol. The women wear small black hats with long ribbons hanging down behind and a silk apron of a bright color. The men are bare kneed with short embroidered breeches and a sort of suspenders of cloth also embroidered, go over their white shirts. In their green hats they all wear feathers or decoration which resembles a shaving brush. We were also fortunate enough to hear some native yodling…”