381 letters, 607 pp., dated 11 December 1865 - 16 November 1877, includes several undated, or incomplete letters, the bulk of the letters date from 1867 to 1873, when the company was known as "Charles Green & Sons." Also included in collection is a one volume business ledger (60 pp.) of accounts payable and receivable, as well as approximately 911 pieces of business ephemera, which includes postcards, used checks, receipts, pages of accounts, etc., all dating between 1865-1877.
Description of Collection
Correspondence contains incoming business letters to Charles Green, Son & Co. About three quarters of the letters are written by various customers of the company from around the country, the others are from family. The company's customers were distributed throughout New York State and the Midwest: Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, and even up into Minnesota, as well as further south in Kentucky and Virginia, and elsewhere. Many of these customers write multiple letters. Charles Green Son & Co. was one of the largest hop merchants in the country.
A number of the customers were brewers and some letters are written on their brewery letterhead. Approximately 90 of the 381 letters were written by Charles C. Green, the nephew of Charles Green, the founder of Charles Green, Son & Co. Of these 90 letters 66 were addressed to the company itself, 14 addressed to his uncle Charles Green, and 6 addressed to his cousin Walter Jerome Green. There are also 3 letters written by Walter Jerome Green to his father Charles Green.
Charles Green, Sons & Co., was founded by Charles Green with his two sons Walter Jerome and Charles Germain, Charles C. Green, eventually Charles Green’s nephew, was invited into the business and became a member of the company. His letters to his uncle, cousin, and to the company are all business related and deal with customers that Green was working with while based in St. Louis, Missouri, where he had set up a law practice before joining the company. Charles C. Green is seen sending a number of orders back to the company for either longstanding customers, or for new business that he drummed up in his travels. He also acts as the company's attorney, collecting debts, filing lawsuits, securing judgments against the property of debtors, etc.
The ephemeral items in this collection include:
1 volume of "Notes and Bills Receivable" (24 pp.) in front with "Notes and Bills Payable" (36 pp.) at rear, dated 1866-1873, oblong octavo, bound in ¼ leather, marble paper covered boards, spine, spine tips, boards, edges and corners of boards, are all worn, rubbed, and scuffed.
211 used postcards, dated 1872-1875, the bulk dating 1873-1874 (some undated). The postcards are made out to Charles Green, Son & Company, Hubbardsville, NY. Many of the postcards are from banks, notifying Charles Green Sons & Co. that they have received their letter and enclosures (bank notes, deposits, etc.).
272 used checks of Charles Green, Son & Co., dated 1868-1875, made out to various individuals, or companies.
365 transportation/freight receipts of Charles Green, Son & Co., from various New York State railroads for transportation costs of barrels of hops and other items, that were shipped between various locations from Hubbardsville to other places in New York State, Utica, Waterville, Sherburn, and others, as follows: 145 receipts of The Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Company, dated 1870-1875; 64 receipts of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Express, dated 1872-1874; 102 receipts of The New York and Oswego Midland Railroad Company, dated 1872-1873; 39 receipts of the Utica, Chenango & Susquehanna Valley Railroad Company, dated 1872-1873; 15 receipts of New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, dated 1872-1873.
63 pieces of miscellaneous ephemera, some letterhead receipts, couple of telegrams, used envelopes, memorandum notes, oversize financial accounts, etc., dated 1865-1877.
Charles Green, Son & Company, Hop Merchants
Charles Green (1811-1901)
Charles Green was a Hubbardsville farmer, speculator and hop dealer, one of the earliest and most widely known hop merchants of Central New York with dealings from the east coast to the Midwest and as far south as Virginia and Kentucky. Charles Green was born 28 May 1811, at Sangerfield, New York. He was the son of David Green (1769-1853) and Deliverance Hatch (1769-1862). The Greens at some point moved to Hubbardsville, New York, in Madison County. Charles Green led an active life at Hubbardsville. He was a supervisor 4 terms, a school director and an assessor. In 1835 he taught school at Hamilton Center, in 1836 at Hubbardsville, and in 1837 taught again at Hamilton Center.
Charles Green married on 30 October 1839 to Mary Jane Hubbard (1822-1902), daughter of Oliver Kellogg and Mary (Meacham) Hubbard. Together the couple had four children: Eliza Jane Green (1841-1916); Charles Germain Green (1845-1923); Walter Jerome Green (1842-1885); and Mary Genevieve Green (born 1847).
In 1838 Charles Green entered the store of Gideon Manchester, assignee of Hart & Hunt, Hubbardsville. He bought the stock and continued the business three years. Afterwards he got into the hop business eventually bringing into business his sons, Walter J. and Charles Germaine Green. Green first started in the hop business in 1850. In 1865 a partnership was formed with his son Walter Jerome Green, under the firm name of Charles Green & Son, with headquarters at Hubbardsville. The company later appears as Charles Green & Sons when Charles Germaine Green joined the firm.
Charles Green & Son established a private bank in 1872, and in 1875 it was moved to Utica and continued until 1884. The firm was then changed to Charles Green, Son & Co., as O.W. Kennedy and J.W. Hayes joined the business. In 1891 the bank was removed back to Waterville, and the firm became Charles Green, Son, Brainard & Co., through the purchase of the interest of Mr. Hayes by I.D. Brainard, Charles Green's son-in-law.
I. D. Brainard was born in Hubbardsville, New York, September 27, 1846, the son of Ira and Jemima (Beebe) Brainard. He was educated at the Clinton Liberal Institute, after which he engaged in the hop business. In 1891 the firm of Charles Green, Son & Co., hop merchants and bankers was formed. The banking house is in Waterville, and was in charge of Brainard. He had been president of the village two terms, and had been a member of the Board of Education for ten years. In 1870 Mr. Brainard married M. Geneva Green, by whom he had one son, Charles Green Brainard. M. Geneva Green was the daughter of Charles Green and the sister of Walter Jerome and Charles Germain Green.
Charles Green died at the age of 90 in 1901 and was buried in the family burial plot at Graham Cemetery, Hubbardsville, Madison County, New York.
Walter Jerome Green (1842-1885), son of Charles Green
Green's son, Walter Jerome Green became one of
Young though he was, his enterprising spirit soon made itself felt in the affairs of his father's business, which gradually broadened its field, of operations and took a leading place among similar enterprises in the central part of the state. An important department in the business of the house was the trade in hops, which became so extensive as to place the firm among the largest dealers in this country. To meet the demand for reliable intelligence bearing on the hop trade, the firm published a journal known as Charles Green & Son's Hop Paper, a large, handsomely printed, four page folio of twenty eight columns, of which an edition of about five thousand was issued, gratuitously, each quarter.
the 26th of June, 1867, Mr. Green was united in marriage to Miss Sarah L.
Swartwout, a daughter of Henry Swartwout, of
a new field for investment of his capital Green became interested in a railroad
Returning from active labors in Florida in the winter of 1884-5, he was passing some time at his home in Utica, when he was stricken with apoplexy and died on the 27th of January, 1885. He was survived by his widow and one son. On the death of Green the property was left to trustees for his son. In 1886 it was sold to H. M. Flagler of New York, who has carried out the plans and ideas of its previous owner.
Charles C. Green (1835-1907), nephew of Charles Green
C. Green was born about 1835 at
1877, Charles C. Green was married to Mrs. Martha Gruman Brainard. Her father
was a native of
Charles C. Green died on 1 January 1907 in Utica at the age of 72.
Ira Dewane Brainard, son-in-law of Charles Green
Ira Dewane Brainard was born at Hubbardsville, New York, 27 September 1846, the son of Ira and Jemima (Beebe) Brainard, also of Hubbardsville. In 1870 he became a resident of Waterville, New York, and for many years lived there becoming one of the town's leading citizens and a prominent business man. During his active business life he engaged in farming and was also a hop merchant.
Dewane Brainard was raised on his home farm and acquired his education in the
Clinton Liberal Institute, completing his course there in 1864. When Ira was
eighteen years of age he became a hop salesman for his father and about three
years afterward started in business on his own account with headquarters at
Hubbardsville. In the fall of 1870 following his marriage he removed his
It was at Hubbardsville, New York, on November 10, 1870, that Brainard was married to Mary Genevieve Green. Mary was born at Hubbardsville, August 21, 1847. She was the daughter of Charles and Mary Jane (Hubbard) Green. Mr. and Mrs. Brainard became parents of three children: Charles Green Brainard; George Dewane Brainard; and Daniel Adams Brainard.
Examples of Letters
I have just returned from a visit in
Pandalla Fix is a brewer in Collinsville about ten miles from here, who
uses about 30 bales a year. He has been in the brewery about three years and
has generally bought his stock of Busch & Co.
Send M & C. Schott Highland two (2)
bales immediately to
Paul Bassler & Co of Trenton on O & Mississippi R.R. too ordered
eight bales, to be sent immediately, at 79 cts, $500 to be paid in cash on
delivery in any mode you direct by letter as there is no bank at Trenton. The
remainder to be paid the 1st June. Send fancy green. If you deem it best to
send but four bales of this order do so. In making inquiries, I could not learn
but that they are perfectly good but have an idea that they are slow. They referred
me to Kepper of
Send Jacob Hammel two bales, I ripe fancy, 1 green fancy. He is a first
rate man, but intends not to make so much lager beer, and is laying in a large
lot of ice so as to make up young beer if he needs it. Be sure to please him,
as his trade is quite large, 3500 to 4000 barrels a year, and he will in all
probability give you another order this year. Send to Jacob Hammel
The whole country through which I passed is very rich and inhabited
largely by Germans, who are not much posted. The brewers do not know much about
hops and if you get them favorably prejudiced your "say so" will go a
long ways. They all have an idea that
It was very cold. I staged it thirty miles, frozen & rough enough, but it must be most delightful country in the summer....Hoping you will approve this account & write soon. I am very affectionately, your nephew, Chas.”
You will get a letter sent yesterday giving a detailed account of my
operations in Illinois. The result is better than I expected. It was a good
think your suggestion that I go out there and deliver the hops. I got a good
deal better acquainted with the parties and in the settlement made, satisfied
them that the hops were better than they could get here at any price, which is
the fact. There are no more good hops here so far as I can learn. Ackley says
not, and that the best there is sell well, when no better are to be had. These
fellows will be more tractable to sell to them the
Collected in all $220.20 and deposited for you $120.20 retaining $100 as I now think of going to visit the towns you suggest in Ill. and a number of others and make a trip as far west as St. Joseph to Kansas City. You may be disposed to think this is going a little too far west but I have been so much on the border that I am not afraid, as I am pretty well acquainted with their resources, or at least know how pretty well how to calculate on the chances. I do not expect at this time of year to sell many, perhaps not more than enough to pay the expense, but will make it my business to take notes, for the fall trade. From all I have learned this season, think that this field for operations can be made profitable, permanent & safe, and hope to be confirmed in this opinion by the trip north & west. It will take me at least two weeks. Wish I had a package of your cards, as I am about out. You had better send some at once, as it may be I will not leave till they come.
Saw Luebering last evening. Says he is about getting his brother in law in the concern, and will know definitely in about a week, if so expects to pay for the hops at once, if not, will furnish the security he spoke of, says that is why he has delayed. If his brother in law goes in they will fill the cellars with lager. I think there is no cause of alarm of losing this, and if his brother in law goes in we can sell more hops to them this season, as Luebering complains that there are no good hops here.
Will have in a week or two about $120.00 from Hammel of Lebanon, Ill., which I will forward at once. Charles C. Green"
“Charles C. Green, Attorney at Law, Office: - No. 9 N. Fifth Street.St. Louis, April 13, 1868
To Charles Green & Son, Hubbardsville, New York
Your letter of Apr. 8 came today with
Your worst egg here is Windeck & Luebering. I expected to take judgment last week, but the atty for Windeck put in an answer for both for the purpose of delay so that unless it is withdrawn it will be impossible to take judgment till Oct., but Windeck has promised to withdraw his answer and his atty will do it. That's he promised to, but I am not sure till it's done. My object is to get a judgment by default and get out execution at once, as I hope to secure a levy on some personal property of the concern that is unencumbered, which will be too late this fall. Windeck is poor but I think I may be able to make it too hot for Luebering. He offers to secure well over half of the amt it I will discharge the balance as to him, but although the partnership has gone to the bad , I think Luebering has property covered up, and will I hope be able in a few days to report that all is well, although it looks shaky. Luebering lied to me and I could put him into bankruptcy, but it will cost too much & get too little I am afraid, I hope outwit him.
It is cold and backward with cloudy rainy weather. I do not want to start out on hop trip till it is warmer now, and beer sells better. Brewers are rather poor feeling now here. It is very hard to put the price of beer so to make any money, but times generally west are encouraging for internal improvements are going and so fast....Chas. C. Green."